Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common refractive error. This condition occurs when the shape of your eye causes light rays to bend incorrectly and images focus in front of the retina rather than on the retina. Fortunately, there are several ways that the professionals at OrthoK Plus in South Jordan, UT can treat this refractive error.
Who Is at Risk for Myopia?
Myopia tends to run in families. If one of your parents has myopia, you have a 25 percent chance of having it as well. If both of your parents have myopia, the risk increases to 50 percent.
Studies have shown that spending little time outdoors can also put you at risk for myopia.
What Are the Symptoms of Myopia?
If you have myopia, you can see close-up objects clearly, but objects in the distance will appear blurry. The other symptoms of myopia include:
- Needing to squint to see objects in the distance clearly
- Headaches caused by eyestrain
- Trouble seeing while driving, particularly at night
How Is Myopia Diagnosed?
Myopia can be diagnosed during your annual eye exam. Our eye doctor will perform several visual acuity tests to determine how severe your condition is. We will also perform a refraction test to determine the severity of your condition and to determine your eyeglass prescription.
How Is Myopia Treated?
There are several treatment options available for myopia. The one you choose will depend on your lifestyle and personal preference. The treatment options include:
- Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are the most common treatment option for myopia. Our eye doctor will perform a refraction test to determine your prescription so eyeglass lenses can be made. After, they will be placed in a frame that fits your face and your personality.
- Contact lenses: Many people prefer glasses over contacts because you can’t see them, and they look natural. Contacts are easy to use and require less maintenance than glasses. We can perform a contact lens exam to see if they would work for you.
- LASIK: LASIK is a laser procedure that reshapes your cornea, correcting your refractive error. To qualify for this procedure, your prescription can be no higher than -11.00. Also, you must be in good health and your eyes must be healthy and disease-free. You need to be at least 18-years-old and your vision must be stable for a year. After the procedure, you will be able to see clearly without glasses or contacts.
- Ortho-K: Ortho-K, also known as orthokeratology, are special contact lenses. Unlike traditional contacts that are removed before you go to sleep, these lenses are worn while you sleep. During the night, the contacts gently reshape your corneas, allowing you to see clearly all day long. If you are a poor candidate for LASIK, Ortho-K is an excellent alternative.
Schedule an Appointment
If you need treatment for myopia, our team at OrthoK Plus in South Jordan, UT can help. Our eye doctor is an expert in orthokeratology and can determine what treatment option is best for you. To learn more about our services or to schedule an appointment, call us today.